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About
The City

The City of London:  The area ruled by the Lord Mayor and the Corporation of London covering slightly over one square mile.

 

After Emperor Claudius arrived in Britain in AD 43 the Romans started colonizing The City that they called Londinium into a highly civilized community this they went on to enclose with a 20ft high wall.  Following the withdrawal of the Roman legions at the beginning of the 5th century The City was next occupied by Saxon invaders.

 

In the early 13th century a charter granted by King John confirmed the right for the people in the area to elect their own Mayor and have its own corporation to run the City of London, in turn this led to the expansion of The City Livery Companies.  The influence from Livery Companies helped the City of London retain its independence from the Crown and the Royal Court.    

 

The twin disasters of the plague and the Great Fire of the 17th century were major factors for social and architectural development of The City.  After these events an official body was appointed whose remit was to draw-up plans for the rebuilding of The City, one such member of this body was Sir Christopher Wren who went on to change the skyline of the City of London for ever.

 

At the beginning of the 18th century new trade from the colonies was making men rich and The City’s increasing number of residents moved into their new style Georgian terraced houses and a permanent home was built for the newly created Bank of England.

 

During the 19th century The City was transformed as large building and engineering projects took place.  London and Blackfriars Bridge were rebuilt, wider roads were laid, large commercial buildings went up and four mainline rail termini were built which meant even more commuters could work in the financial sector of The City.

 

The devastation of The City during the 2nd World War led to the major reconstruction of buildings, churches underwent repair and new open-spaces were created.  20th Century deregulation of the Stock Exchange led to a surge in office development and reinforced The City as the world’s centre of international finance and trade.

 

In the 21st century The City is a main player of business on the world stage, an innovator for architectural design and a leading promoter of the arts. When you are in the City of London you are surrounded by diversity, vitality and a sense of tradition.