The City of London: The area ruled by the Lord Mayor and the Corporation of London
covering slightly over one square mile.
After Emperor Claudius arrived in Britain in AD 43 the Romans started colonizing
The City that they called Londinium into a highly civilized community this they went
on to enclose with a 20ft high wall. Following the withdrawal of the Roman legions
at the beginning of the 5th century The City was next occupied by Saxon invaders.
In the early 13th century a charter granted by King John confirmed the right for
the people in the area to elect their own Mayor and have its own corporation to run
the City of London, in turn this led to the expansion of The City Livery Companies.
The influence from Livery Companies helped the City of London retain its independence
from the Crown and the Royal Court.
The twin disasters of the plague and the Great Fire of the 17th century were major
factors for social and architectural development of The City. After these events
an official body was appointed whose remit was to draw-up plans for the rebuilding
of The City, one such member of this body was Sir Christopher Wren who went on to
change the skyline of the City of London for ever.
At the beginning of the 18th century new trade from the colonies was making men rich
and The City’s increasing number of residents moved into their new style Georgian
terraced houses and a permanent home was built for the newly created Bank of England.
During the 19th century The City was transformed as large building and engineering
projects took place. London and Blackfriars Bridge were rebuilt, wider roads were
laid, large commercial buildings went up and four mainline rail termini were built
which meant even more commuters could work in the financial sector of The City.
The devastation of The City during the 2nd World War led to the major reconstruction
of buildings, churches underwent repair and new open-spaces were created. 20th Century
deregulation of the Stock Exchange led to a surge in office development and reinforced
The City as the world’s centre of international finance and trade.
In the 21st century The City is a main player of business on the world stage, an
innovator for architectural design and a leading promoter of the arts. When you are
in the City of London you are surrounded by diversity, vitality and a sense of tradition.